Many researchers upload their code for data analysis and visualization using git (e.g., to GitHub, Gitlab).
No doubt, uploading your R scripts is great. However, we also need to make sure that we share the complete computational environment so that our code can be re-run and so that others can reproduce the results. That is, to have a fully reproducible example, we need a way to capture the different versions of the R packages we were using, at that particular time.
In this post, we will learn how to create a binder so that our data analysis, for instance, can be fully reproduced by other researchers. That is, here we will learn how to use a tool called Binder for reproducible research.
Although this is great, we also need to make sure that we share our computational environment so that our code can be re-run and produce the same output. That is, to have a fully reproducible example, we need a way to capture the different versions of the Python packages we’re using.
In this OpenSesame tutoria,l we will learn how to use images as stimuli and how to load the trials; including filenames, correct responses, and conditions from a pre-generated CSV file. To follow this tutorial you don’t need to know Python programming. However, we are going to generate the CSV file using a short Python script. This can be done manually, of course. See also this OpenSesame tutorial.
In this post you are going to learn how to create a simple experiment using the free experiment building software OpenSesame. As I have previously written about, OpenSesame, is an application, based on Python, for creating Psychology, Neuroscience, and Economics experiments. It offers a nice and easy to use interface. In this interface you can drag-and-drop different objects. This means that you don’t have to know any Python programming at all to create an experiment. If you need to know how to use images as stimuli you can see this OpenSesame Tutorial.
PsychoPy, as I have previously written about (e.g., Free and Useful Software and PsychoPy tutorial) is really a great Python tool for creating Psychology experiments. You can write Python code by either using “code view” or import the package in your favourite IDE. Furthermore, you can use the builder mode and just drag and drop different items and PsychoPy will create a Python Script for you.
If need inline scripts (in Python, of course) can be inserted. That is, you can combine drag-and-drop building with some coding.
In this post I have collected some tutorial videos that can be useful for someone unfamiliar with PsychoPy.
Spyder is the best Python IDE that I have tested so far for doing data analysis, but also for plain programming. In this post I will start to briefly describe the IDE. Following the description of this top IDE the text will continue with a discussion of my favorite features. You will also find out how to install Spyder on Ubuntu 14.04 and at the end of the post you will find a comparison of Rodeo (a newer IDE more RStudio like) and Spyder.
When I started programming in Python I used IDLE which is the IDE that you will get with your installation of Python (e.g., on Windows computers). I actually used IDLE IDE for some time. It was not until I started to learn R and found RStudio IDE. I thought that RStudio was great (and it still is!). However, after learning R and RStudio I started to look for a better Python IDE.
The aim of this post is to show you why you, as a psychology student or researcher (or any other kind researcher or student) should learn to program. The post is structured as follows. First I start with discussing why you should learn programming and then give some examples when programming skills are useful. I continue to suggest two programming languages that I think all Psychology students and researchers should learn.
Good resources for learning R as a Psychologist are hard to find. By that I mean that there are so many great sites and blogs around the internet to learn R. Thus, it may be hard to find learning resources that targets Psychology researchers.
Recently I wrote about four good R books targeted for Psychology students and researchers (i.e., R books for Psychologists). There are, however, of course other good resources for Psychological researchers to learn R programming.
Therefore, this post will list some of the best blogs and sites to learn R. The post will be divided into two categories; general and Psychology focused R sites and blogs. For those who are not familiar with R I will start with a brief introduction on what R is (if you know R already; click here to skip to the links).
If you are new to R you might wonder what R is? R is a free and open source programming language and environment. Data analysis in R is carried out by writing scripts and functions. Finally, R is a complete, interactive, and object-oriented language.
In R statistical environment, you are able to carry out a variety of statistical and graphical techniques. For instance, linear and nonlinear modeling, classical statistical tests, time-series analysis, classification, and many more can be carried using both frequentist and Bayesian paradigms.
In this post I will discuss two PythonIntegrated Development Environments (IDE); Rodeo and Spyder. Both Python IDEs might be useful for researchers used to work with R and RStudio (a very good and popular IDE for R) because they offer similar functionalities and graphical interfaces as RStudio. That is, Rodeo and Spyder can both be seen as the RStudio for Python.